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Coauthors: Srinivas Loke, Gowri Sunder Ravi

Progress Software, which makes the MOVEit Transfer app, first disclosed a vulnerability for the MOVEit application on May 31st, 2023. The MOVEit application is a managed file transfer software produced by IPSwitch (acquired by Progress Software Corporation). It encrypts and uses secure FTP to transfer data with automation. MOVEit is used by thousands of enterprises, including 1700 software companies and 3.5 million developers. MOVEit is also used significantly within the healthcare industry, with HHS recently issuing an alert on this.

1. What Are The MOVEit Vulnerabilities?

CVE-2023-34362, with a CVSS score of 9. 8, is a critical SQL injection vulnerability affecting MOVEit Transfer and MOVEit Cloud. The vulnerability allows unauthenticated attackers to control a MOVEit installation completely, potentially leading to data alteration or theft, malicious software installation, and server configuration changes. The MOVEit Transfer versions affected are:

  • before 2021.0.6 (13.0.6), 2021.1.4 (13.1.4), 2022.0.4 (14.0.4), 2022.1.5 (14.1.5),
  • and 2023.0.1 (15.0.1)

Following this disclosure, two additional vulnerabilities were disclosed for a total of three to date:

2. Has this vulnerability been exploited?

Exploits of the vulnerability have been discovered in the wild, and have been attributed to the Cl0p ransomware group (also known as FIN11 or Lace Tempest). It has been reported that attacks against this vulnerability were “zero-day attacks” and may have begun as early as May 27, 2023, before a patch was available or the vulnerability was publicly disclosed or discussed.

3. Recommendations by Progress Software

  • Disable all HTTP and HTTPs traffic to your MOVEit Transfer environment
    • More specifically, modify firewall rules to deny HTTP and HTTPs traffic to MOVEit Transfer on ports 80 and 443 until the patch can be applied.
  • Review, Delete, and Reset
      • Delete Unauthorized Files and User Accounts (Particularly looks for an event associated with human2.aspx)
      • Delete any instances of the human2: aspx (or any files with the human2 prefix) and .cmdline script files.
      • On the MOVEit Transfer server, look for any new files created in the C:\MOVEitTransfer\wwwroot\ directory.
      • On the MOVEit Transfer server, look for new files created in the C:\Windows\TEMP\[random]\ directory with a file extension of [.]cmdline
      • On the MOVEit Transfer server, look for new APP_WEB_[random].dll files created in the C:\Windows\Microsoft. NET\Framework64\[version]\Temporary ASP .NET Files\root\[random]\[random]\ directory:
      • Stop IIS (iisreset /stop)
      • Delete all APP_WEB_[random].dll files located in C:\Windows\Microsoft. NET\Framework64\[version]\Temporary ASP. NET Files\root\[random]\[random]\
      • Start IIS (iisreset /start). Note:The next time the web application is accessed, it will be rebuilt correctly. It is normal to have 1 APP_WEB_[random].dll file located in this directory.
  • Apply the Patch

4. How Ordr Can Help


Vulnerability mapping of impacted devices:

    • Ordr provides application mapping via its Software inventory Collector to detect MOVEit applications in the network and uses its Vulnerability Matching engine to identify whether the organization is impacted:
    • Using its Software Inventory Collector, Ordr provides visibility into all the apps installed on all enterprise or health system devices, workstations, and servers.
    • Ordr maintains a list of all the software packages installed on the endpoints with version numbers and a time stamp on when it was installed/last updated etc.,
    • Ordr vulnerability mapping engine assigns vulnerabilities based on the SW version collected from the endpoint. The installed application list is updated daily, and vulnerabilities are recalculated based on the new info.

graphic of device impacted by MOVEit

 Figure 1: Details of a device affected by this vulnerability   


Real-time detection of exploits using IDS, behavioral violation, and threat correlation:

  • Ordr has an IDS engine that can detect this specific vulnerability using analysis of packets transacting over the wire.
  • Ordr IDS signatures have been updated to detect exploits of the MOVEit vulnerability

IDS engine

Figure 2: Ordr IDS engine detecting the session to prohibited IPs associated with MOVEIt

Track communications to compromised IP/URLs:

  • In real-time, Ordr’s external IP/IOC tracks every communication to prohibited IP/URLs. Ordr uses a cloud-based threat intelligence platform where the list is continuously updated, and all communications are marked accordingly in the Ordr Security Threat Card.
  • Ordr scoured the internet to establish a list of MOVEit IPs/URLs and tracks all communications associated with this vulnerability with a “group” within the Ordr Traffic Analysis Tool outer ring. Ordr has named it “MOVEIT” in the classification analysis. All the lookups done using this method are retrospective in nature and map every communication to these IoCs.
  • Users can easily track and tag every device communicating with malicious IPs for remediation purposes.

traffic analysis

Figure 3: Traffic analysis based on communication to IPs associated with groups exploiting MOVEit

Baseline communications to surface anomalies:

  • Ordr also provides the capability to baseline all the communications based on profile, location, business function, or any customized entity using our AI/ML techniques. Ordr can trigger anomalies based on any deviations observed for this traffic. Ordr recommends using our behavioral anomaly and threat detection capabilities to identify anomalies while performing any incident response or remediation.


Figure 4: Ordr Flow Genome to baseline and map communications for MOVEit

  • Ordr adjusts the risk score of the device based on the events detected for the device along with the asset criticality. For example, Ordr assigns a higher risk score for devices with vulnerability and exploits vs. devices only with vulnerability. All of the risk scores are normalized based on the criticality.


  • M1051  (ATT&CK) – Update Software
    • Patch immediately. Refer to the Progress Software Knowledge Base above and apply the fixed versions of MOVEit Transfer.
  • M1040 https://attack.mitre.org/mitigations/M1040(ATT&CK) – Behavior Protection on Endpoint – Rapid threat containment if a breach is detected.
    • Ordr tracks every device’s connectivity and keeps real-time data on where the device is connected to in the enterprise network – wired switch, wireless AP, VPN, and so on.
    • When an alarm of a breach comes into the SOC team, the Ordr platform provides a one-click action to immediately get the device isolated or segmented into a quarantine VLAN.
    • Ordr supports a variety of threat containment actions, as shown below: 

threat containment

Figure 5: Ordr Mitigation Actions For MOVEit

  • M1037(ATT&CK) Proactive firewall policies:
    • Disabling HTTP (port 80) and HTTPS traffic (port 443) to MOVEit Transfer in the interim is recommended to prevent exploitation.
    • Create a policy profile with all the MOVEit servers, then build a firewall policy to block ports 80 and 443 inbounds from an external address.
    • Ordr supports integration with multiple industry-leading firewall vendors. Below is a sample screenshot of one vendor. 

policy profile

device list

automatic FW policies

Figure 5: Create a policy profile for MOVEit servers and create policies on your firewalls (Check Point example)

  • M1030(ATT&CK) – Network Segmentation:
    • Ordr’s segmentation policies can protect the mission-critical devices
    • Even if a breach happens,  mission-critical devices, for example, medical or devices in ER/OR, can be protected using Ordr policies. Only specific devices over certain protocols can communicate with these mission-critical devices.
    • Ordr supports integration with multiple industry-leading NAC vendors. 


Figure 6: Create Zero Trust segmentation policies automatically, pushed on your NAC (Cisco ISE example)


6.     Ordr Customer Updates

Ordr has prepared the following software configuration rules package (no software change required) and is working with customers on pushing them to their separate instances with utmost priority:

  1. Ordr Vulnerability Database to match against devices vulnerable to MOVEit.
  2. Ordr IDS engine to detect exploits related to MOVEit vulnerability.
  3. IoCs associated with MOVEit vulnerabilities are constantly updated and all the existing and new communications are mapped against these IoCs and are updated in the Ordr’s traffic analytics diagrams.
  4. All the indicators of compromise will be flagged on the Ordr’s security page and added to the alerts. Ordr constantly streams to the SOC/SIEM and sends emails to the admin if configured.

7.     Helpful Links



Today’s tech-dependent enterprises are no strangers to change. Our customers’ experiences demonstrate that familiarity daily. Whether they operate in healthcare, financial services, manufacturing, education, or government, they must contend with a constantly evolving infrastructure within their organizations, and constantly evolving threats from the outside. On top of that are the regulations and evolving business standards and practices that influence day-to-day operations.

Embracing digital transformation for all its benefits means buckling in for a bumpy ride—bumpier for some industries than others. Digital transformation expands an organization’s capabilities and opportunities, but it takes effort. In healthcare, for example, I recently stumbled on an interesting report stating that only 16% of healthcare providers are in the “win zone,” meeting their transformation goals and driving sustainable change. The average across other industries is over 30%. That figure may be discouraging, but it is absolutely understandable, and organizations in healthcare as well as other industries can learn a lot from the experiences of their peers.

High Risks, Big Rewards

Using technology to improve patient care and operations sounds simple, but it is a complex endeavor that takes herculean effort. The pandemic briefly diverted attention away from long-term planning, but most health delivery organizations (HDOs) and other enterprises are back to addressing their plans and priorities. They are beginning to switch back from being reactive to a proactive mode. And with good reason.

Although high stakes, high costs, and risk aversion have discouraged many in the healthcare industry and beyond from fully embracing digital transformation, the rewards are too great to ignore. And the threats, expectations and competition all organizations face are not standing still. Done well, digital transformation delivers benefits that outweigh the risks and so, for those that have been reluctant to act, the time to embrace digital transformation is now.

What’s Fueling this New Wave of Transformation?

Over the years, every organization I have worked with—no matter how big or small—boils down their core priorities to three essential goals:

  • Protecting people and the network
  • Preserving service availability
  • Improving operational efficiency

Those goals never change, even when the tools and strategies for achieving them do. And what’s more, they are transferable to other contexts as well: keeping manufacturing equipment operational and staff safe on the shop floor, preserving service availability for financial transactions, maintaining the operational efficiency of constituent services, etc. Consistent with these goals, here are some key initiatives and capabilities that are driving this new wave of transformation and pushing the boundaries of operational potential.

  • Remote workforce support (i.e., work from home);
  • Remote facility, branch, and clinic operations;
  • Contractor and equipment maintenance support and outsourcing;
  • Data center transformation and migration to hybrid cloud;
  • Digital supply chain enablement; and,
  • Mergers and acquisitions.

These use cases show how, more and more, connected devices are integral to fulfilling an organization’s mission. And as the inventory of connected devices expands—including the Internet of Things (IoT), Internet of Medical Things (IoMT), operational technologies (OT), mobile, and other devices—those deployments reflect the evolution of the technology. Assets that were once under tight control, on-premises and behind the firewall, are now expanding and connecting beyond traditional boundaries, across multiple network dimensions, and outside of the view and control of IT.

Here are some examples:

  • Access from Any Device – IT, IoT, IoMT, OT, IoXT.
  • Access from Anywhere – remote sites, remote workers, telemedicine.
  • Deployed Anywhere – private and public cloud, virtualized data centers.
  • Modern Apps/Mobile Apps – XaaS, training, collaboration, any device-anywhere-any deployment support.
  • Ecosystem – third party apps, supply chain access, mergers and acquisitions.

What Keeps the CXOs Up at Night?

IT leaders tasked with driving new digital transformation initiatives understand that success goes well beyond merely integrating new technologies and getting them up and running. Enjoying the multitude of benefits that can follow the completion of a technology refresh comes with many elements contributing to the pucker factor that keeps a CXO awake at night. An expanded and expanding attack surface is at the heart of this unease. Acknowledging that fact, and the factors that play into those concerns, is the first step in planning for and addressing them during the transformation process, rather than promising yourself that you’ll “get to it eventually.” Some pucker factors are reflected in several troubling trends.

Surge in Ransomware Attacks

Ransomware attacks are now more frequent, sophisticated, and severe than ever—and getting worse. Attackers know that many organizations will pay huge ransoms because costs associated with downtime and operational disruption may be even higher than what attackers demand. In healthcare, disruptions caused by ransomware can have life and death consequences.

Prevention is the best way to deal with the ransomware threat, but old school methods simply don’t work. Prevention demands accurate and timely detection, and response automation that can block an attack from progressing to its target destination. You need a way to detect ransomware early, before it has encrypted your organization’s files, because then it’s too late to take effective action.

State-Sponsored Attacks

Adversarial nation states have become adept at using the ambiguity of cyberwarfare to launch attacks on critical infrastructure and economic targets, as well as organizations that hold valuable intellectual property. The tools and methods developed for these campaigns are rarely confined to a limited set of organizations either, as sowing chaos is part of the strategy.

For example, the U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), along with the FBI and Treasury Department issued a joint advisory about North Korean Maui ransomware targeting the healthcare industry. Similarly, Russian threat actors have been hard at work compromising connected devices and using them as a platform for attacks, including data exfiltration after establishing communications with command-and-control servers in Russia.

Digital Supply Chain Security

Digital supply chains that allow for remote and automated service between organizations have been a boon for operational efficiency—and for threat actors able to compromise those connections for their own ends. The SolarWinds Orion attack targeting U.S. federal agencies and commercial enterprises illustrated how damaging supply chain attacks can be.

Vulnerable SolarWinds servers sitting inside agency and corporate networks, operating with privileged access to IT systems, proved to be a gold mine for hackers to exploit and get whatever data they need, including high level state and military secrets.

Shadow IoT

One big security challenge faced by enterprises today is the presence of connected devices on their networks operating outside the view of IT security and operations. Known as “shadow IoT,” these devices epitomize the mantra you can’t protect what you can’t see. A recent Five Fifty report by McKinsey highlights the risk of the proliferation of devices connecting to the network as shadow IoT (such as the infamous hack of a casino using a connected aquarium thermometer as the vector of attack) and lack of readiness for most organizations.

Often these systems operate with outdated OSes, are unpatched, and unmanaged. Without proper onboarding—or a security platform able to detect, identify, profile, and monitor any device that connects to the network—any organization with shadow IoT operating within its IT estate is at risk of an attack.

How Ordr Helps Enable Secure Digital Transformation

Ordr’s mantra from the beginning has been to enable our customers to SEE, KNOW, and SECURE every device that is connected to their organization. To do this, we establish the most comprehensive and accurate single source of connected device truth in the Ordr Data Lake for each of our customers. This starts with automatically discovering and accurately classifying every connected device because you can’t secure what you can’t see.

From this foundation of visibility Ordr provides a complete view of the connected device attack surface including how devices are connected and communicating, which devices are vulnerable, and the unique risk each device represents in the environment.

Integrations across the security, networking, and IT ecosystem are integral to the Ordr solution. These integrations enhance the already rich view Ordr has of connected devices by centralizing additional data points and device details. A good example of this are the recent integrations with Mobile Device Management (MDM) and Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR) platforms in the recent Ordr 8.2 release.

Integrations also enable Ordr to enrich the tools and workflows used every day and improve how teams manage and secure devices. An example here is the recent integration with the ServiceNow Service Graph Connector to help customers ensure the data in their CMDB is complete, up to date, and accurate. Another example is how Ordr device insights are used to optimize vulnerability scanning with Qualys.

Integrations also help teams take action to address vulnerabilities, respond to active threats, proactively improve protections, and ultimately reduce risk. Ordr automates the creation of security policies and enforces those policies by integrating with a customer’s existing security and network infrastructure. With this approach Ordr customers are able to quickly block attacks, quarantine compromises devices, segment vulnerable devices, and accelerate Zero Trust projects to proactively improve security.

We continue to drive innovations across the Ordr platform and expand with integrations across the security, networking, and IT ecosystem to provide our customers with a single source of truth for all their connected devices. Reach out for a demo and to learn how Ordr can help you SEE, KNOW, and SECURE, all your connected devices.

Great news! Ordr just announced the availability of the Service Graph Connector for Ordr in the ServiceNow Store. This integration is exciting for our customers, who can now maintain an up-to-date system of record for all assets so organizations can operate efficiently, react quickly, and manage risks more effectively.

Service Graph Connector for Ordr now available in the ServiceNow Store

Ordr provides the most comprehensive, accurate, real-time inventory of connected assets as a single source of truth. As the threat surface continuously evolves and expands, it is critical to ensure asset inventories are complete and provide the context to address risk proactively and reactively. With ServiceNow and Ordr’s bidirectional integration, Ordr’s device, network, and risk context are combined with the business context of ServiceNow. And the new Service Graph Connector for Ordr makes the integration more manageable and robust.

You now get a robust, most comprehensive, accurate real-time inventory of connected assets—from traditional IT to IoT, IoMT, and OT — and their risks in the ServiceNow Configuration Management Database (CMDB) to optimize enterprise-wide workflows and assess and manage risks.

Top Ten Security Risks of Incomplete and Outdated Asset Inventories

As given below, there are significant entry points that cybercriminals can exploit. With the combination of Ordr and ServiceNow, security and IT teams can identify and mitigate the following asset risks.

  1. Banned Equipment (Section 889)
    To protect national security, the federal government bans products manufactured by prohibited companies such as Kaspersky, Huawei, and Hikvision. These banned products can have vulnerabilities if exploited, resulting in the loss of intellectual property. The mandate covers new procurement and requires reporting within one business day if any prohibited asset is discovered in inventory.
  1. Unauthorized Devices
    Every unauthorized device that bypasses IT and operational tools and connects to a corporate network will expand the attack surface and could introduce significant risk. When the flash news of new vulnerabilities impacting corporate tools is announced, tracking all those instances of the compromised device can be challenging. This can include devices used in production and increasingly non-production or POV (Proof of Value) environments. The combination of Ordr and ServiceNow can proactively detect devices that can access other corporate servers and other precious devices and remove them from the network after the trial period.
  1. Orphaned/Missing Devices
    Maintaining good asset hygiene is always a best practice for improving security posture. It is critical to ensure that all assets registered and recorded by the procurement team are tracked and compared against all the devices connecting to the network. Any gaps should be reconciled proactively before it results in security concerns.
  1. Manufacturer Recall / FDA Recall
    Manufacturers may issue recall notices and security bulletins for significant vulnerabilities discovered. This is prevalent in regulated industries with mission-critical medical and industrial equipment devices. Similarly, from a federal regulation perspective, there can be recalls for sensitive equipment such as medical devices. Ordr can collate all recall announcements from multiple sources and tag all devices impacted; this context can be shared with ServiceNow.
  1. Default Credentials
    Business groups typically install IoT devices such as cameras in batches. The person responsible for the installation is usually not technical and often needs to gain knowledge or experience to change default passwords. It is unrealistic, if not impossible, to have a process to choose multiple unique passwords for physical security cameras when hundreds to thousands are going up in the ceiling. Think of the risk when hundreds of devices default to “Password1”. These passwords are not rotated periodically using over-the-air methods, like a password policy that enforces periodic password changes for laptops and desktops. An asset management system that combines the Ordr “default password discovery” feature with ServiceNow CMDB can alert administrators to update the credentials associated with these devices.
  1. Rogue Wireless/Switches that are bridging traffic to the internet (5G/LTE/Guest Wi-Fi)
    Unauthorized devices usually connect to a corporate open port and a set of devices using a daisy chain mechanism. Suppose the consumer-grade switches/routers come with LTE or link to the Guest Wi-Fi network. In this case, taking corporate data and exfiltrating without going through all the border controls exercised by firewalls becomes easier. It is a vast attack surface. Even when a good asset management and visibility solution is implemented, one needs a sophisticated tool to understand this daisy chain mechanism throughout the network to keep an exact list of these devices and implement a solution to eliminate them. An asset management system must integrate with a sophisticated visibility tool to detect and eliminate these daisy chain devices; this is why the Ordr and ServiceNow integration is so powerful.
  1. Non-Compliant Devices
    When a corporate Antivirus (AV)/Endpoint Detection Response (EDR) policy mandates that all IT endpoints (e.g., laptops, mobile, desktops) need to have a robust agent/software installed, it is not easy to audit all the devices and pull a list of those that do not have the required software installed. One step further than that is how challenging it is to ensure all those EDR agents are continuously running and receiving updates periodically to detect and thwart the latest attacks.Expired Certificates: We have all experienced how frantic it is to fix a certificate issue when a critical server stops working with expired certs. With a good asset management strategy, corporate IT can track all certificate expirations and implement a plan to address them periodically. Both these insights are readily available with Ordr and can be shared with ServiceNow.
  1. Local User Accounts without Domain Joins
    All users accessing a system must be part of Windows Active Directory (AD), if possible. This is especially critical in the case of older Windows machines that usually have a lot of unpatched vulnerabilities. Even if the device is part of the domain controller, sometimes operators can create local users on these machines. This practice must be watched closely, and a list of all locally-made user accounts must be extracted and reported continuously. When hackers create local user accounts and leave them dormant for later exploitation, it is easy to identify and remove those inactive accounts and fix the machines with malware infections.
  1. End-of-Life / Outdated OS
    Assets running end-of-life and outdated operating systems pose a significant risk to the organization. The first step is to identify these end-of-life devices. This can be a struggle without a solution like Ordr and ServiceNow that not only delivers accurate real-time inventory but now extends visibility to IoT, IoMT, and OT devices that often have longer operating cycles than traditional IT endpoints.Note that upgrading all devices running end-of-life or outdated OS is a logical way to address potential risks. But upgrading these devices in regulated industries such as healthcare, manufacturing, and banking might not be possible due to backward compatibility issues. In some cases, an update to a device will trigger the need to re-certify the device with federal regulators. For all these cases, it is prudent to have a segmentation strategy to isolate outdated and at-risk devices from other parts of your environment, which could get be easily accomplished with Ordr’s behavioral baselining and automated Zero Trust policies.
  1. Unpatched Devices Vulnerable to Exploitation
    This is the most important reason one should embark on an asset management strategy to get an accurate view of all connected devices and their associated details. An asset management strategy must include identifying operating system (OS) versions and patch levels for each connected device. This makes it easy to highlight the exact CVEs (Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures) that are still open and vulnerable that a potential hacker could exploit. Having this list as a work item and tracking how the patching for these devices is progressing is one of the most foundational aspects of cyber security an organization can initiate.

Asset Management Aligned to Risk Reduction

An incomplete and inaccurate asset inventory poses many risks. The risks can extend from non-compliance to safety and regulatory concerns. On top of that, add the problems of security breaches, which can cause high financial and reputation costs to organizations.

Understanding your attack surface by implementing a robust asset management strategy that identifies and closely tracks vulnerabilities and threats from the entire asset universe of IT, OT, IoT, ICS, BMS, and IoMT (Internet of Medical Things) will minimize the risk imposed on an organization. We are proud to offer the Service Graph Connector for Ordr to help customers achieve the comprehensive and accurate asset inventory they need to simplify workflows, improve security, and accelerate incident response.